Рентгенология & Радиология, 2017, LVI 185-189

Cholethorax (bilothorax) – a rare complication of liver transplantation

  1. Yankova , G. Hadjidekov

Abstract.

Bile leakage from anastomotic insufficiency is one of the commonest complications following liver transplantation. In contrast, bilothorax (cholethorax) – appearance of bile in a pleural effusion after diaphragmatic injury in patient with bile leakage and ascites, is extremely rare condition. Diaphragmatic defect can be iatrogenic as a result of surgery of the hepato-biliary system or it can be secondary to a traumatic incidence. In our case, we represent a bilothorax appeared two months after liver transplantation with bile leakage leading to bile passing from the abdominal cavity to the pleural space through a postsurgery diaphragmatic defect.

Key words: CHOLETHORAX (BILOTHORAX). LIVER TRANSPLANTATION