Рентгенология & Радиология, 2018, LVII 6-23

Vascular tumors and malformations – Diagnostic imaging

  1. Kirova, E. Panova, T. Nenkina, P. Antova, V. Chervenkov, P. Dakova, R. Maslarska, J. Pozharashka

Abstract.

Vascular anomalies include distinct vascular lesions, which differ in their underlying etiology, clinical presentation, imaging characteristics and treatment. Misdiagnosis and confusion in managing these lesions is largely related to a poor understanding of terminology and classification. The main goals of the article are:
• to present the classification system of vascular malformations and to clarify the pitfalls in terminology;
• to describe the different vascular malformation based on their clinical and imaging picture;
• to stress on the role of the noninvasive imaging techniques in diagnosing and differentiating the main types of vascular malformations based on the flow and involved vessels;
• to discuss the role of noninvasive imaging in treatment’s decision.

Key words: VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS, VASCULAR TUMORS, NON-INVASIVE IMAGING, TIME-RESOLVED MRA