Vascular tumors and malformations – Diagnostic imaging
- Kirova, E. Panova, T. Nenkina, P. Antova, V. Chervenkov, P. Dakova, R. Maslarska, J. Pozharashka
Vascular anomalies include distinct vascular lesions, which differ in their underlying etiology, clinical presentation, imaging characteristics and treatment. Misdiagnosis and confusion in managing these lesions is largely related to a poor understanding of terminology and classification. The main goals of the article are:
• to present the classification system of vascular malformations and to clarify the pitfalls in terminology;
• to describe the different vascular malformation based on their clinical and imaging picture;
• to stress on the role of the noninvasive imaging techniques in diagnosing and differentiating the main types of vascular malformations based on the flow and involved vessels;
• to discuss the role of noninvasive imaging in treatment’s decision.
Key words: VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS, VASCULAR TUMORS, NON-INVASIVE IMAGING, TIME-RESOLVED MRA