Рентгенология & Радиология, 2012, LI 324-331

Diffusion-based tractography by neurological diseases: concepts, clinical application and perspectives

  1. Penev, G. Georgieva-Kosarova
Abstract.

Diffusion-based tractography enables the graphical reconstruction of the white matter pathways in the brain and spinal cord of living humans. This technique has many potential clinical applications, including the investigation of stroke, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, neurodegenerative diseases, and spinal cord disorders, and it enables hypotheses to be tested that could not previously be considered in living humans. This Review will outline the limitations of tractography, describe its current clinical applications in the most common neurological diseases, and highlight future opportunities.

Key words: DIFFUSION-BASED TRACTOGRAPHY. MRI. NEURORADIOLOGY